Bertha “Birdie” Parker – First Female Native American Archaeologist

Of Abenaki and Seneca decent, Bertha was born in New York in 1907. Her father was an archeologist and the first president of the Society of American Archaeology. In 1914, she moved to LA with her mother and she performed in the Ringling Brothers Barnum and Bailey Circus as a teenager. 

She began her archaeological work with her uncle. In 1929, she was at the excavation site for the Mesa House and discovered a Pueblo site which she named “Scorpion Hill.” She excavated the site herself, and her documents and photos were exhibited in the Southwest Museum in LA.

Three years later, Bertha worked at Gypsum Cave site in Nevada. There she discovered Corn Creek after she found a camel bone sticking out of an eroding lake bed. 

Since she was smaller than her colleagues, she was able to access new areas. Bertha found ancient human tools, and more importantly, the skull of an extinct giant ground sloth. 

She worked as an Assistant in Archaeology at the Southwest Museum from 1931-1941 and published several archaeology and ethnology papers. 

In later years, she became a technical advisor and consultant on TV shows and movies depicting Native Americans. She even hosted her own show about Native history and folklore throughout the 1950s. 



Top 10 favorite “Buffy the Vampire Slayer” episodes

“Buffy the Vampire Slayer” first aired 20 years ago.

In honor of the cult classic, here is a list of my top 10 favorite episodes.

10. S4, E22 “Restless”

The “Scooby gang” falls asleep after a big battle, and have weird dreams and nightmares.

9. S3, E6 “Band Candy”

The grown ups eat candy that make them act like teenagers. 

8. S2, E6 “Halloween”

Each character becomes their Halloween costume, which makes it hard to defeat the forces of evil.

7. S5, E7 “Fool for Love”

We learn more about bad boy vampire Spike, and how he killed two Slayers.

6. S2, E22 “Becoming, Part Two”

Buffy’s best finale against her toughest opponent: the love of her life Angel.

5. S4, E19 “New Moon Rising”

Willow comes out of the closet, and her ex-boyfriend returns to Sunnydale to get back together.

4. S4, E10 “Hush”

Everyone in town can’t talk, which leads to funny misunderstandings and clear communication.

3. S5, E16 “The Body”

The most thoughtful TV episode (ever) in portraying grief. The lack of music makes you feel numb.

2. S6, E6 “Tabula Rasa”

The funniest episode, in my opinion. Everyone forgets who they are and they try to piece together what happened.

1. S6, E7 “Once More, With Feeling”

A musical episode that has the biggest character reveal.